Building theories from case study research eisenhardt academy of management review 1989
In an intrinsic case study, the case itself is of interest. Baxter and Jack describe the designs by Yin and Stake to demonstrate key elements of qualitative case study.
Selecting Cases Selection of cases is an important aspect of building theory from case studies. Such comparisons have been conducted previously regarding their philosophical assumptions and orientations, key elements of case study research, their range of application, and the lacks of methodological procedures in publications.
This interpretation is offered to the reader, but the researcher has to provide the material in a sufficient way thick descriptionsso that the reader can learn from the case as well as draw his or her own conclusions.
Case study research design and methods
Academy of Management Journal, 55 3 , For interpretive case studies, Walsham's book is excellent. I follow especially the argument by Piekkari et al. Stake, Robert E. If there is no clarity as to whether a case study design aims at creating, elaborating, extending, or testing theory, the contribution to theory is difficult to identify for authors, reviewers, and readers. Qualitative inquiry, 16 10 , Google Scholar Van Maanen J. Data collection is based on triangulation, where interviews, documents, and observations are often combined. Walsham, G. In his famous Smith Corona case, Danneels shows how a company tried to change its resource base. Research questions can be identified and shaped using literature to narrow the interest in a specific topic, looking for key studies and identifying questions in these studies. Another tactic is to select pairs of cases and then to list the similarities and differences between each pair. Yin provides several tactics to increase the reliability protocol; data base of the study. Google Scholar Bettenhausen K. An anomaly does not reject theory, but rather demonstrates that the theory is incomplete.
The reasons for defining and building evidence for a construct apply in theory-building research just as they do in traditional, hypothesis-testing work.
Qualitative and quantitative data were used from semi-structured interviews, public and private data, materials provided by informants, corporate intranets, and business publications.
Such elaboration stems from the identification of anomalies and offers new predictions with regard to the theory.
Exploratory case study research design
Eight technology collaborations among ten firms were sampled for theoretical reasons. Academy of management review, 36 1 , Google Scholar Strauss A. Theoretical saturation is the point at which incremental learning is minimal because the researchers are observing phenomena seen before. Data analysis is conducted via the search for within-case patterns and cross-case patterns. Within case analysis can help researchers to cope with huge volume of data. This analysis is based on a detailed differentiation of the phenomenon inside or outside the theory , the status of the theory, research strategy, and methods. Journal of Management Studies, 51 6 , Academy of Management Journal, 56 1 , Second, I outline and substantiate a theory continuum that varies between theory-building, theory development, and testing theory. One of the most cited empirical examples of case study research in Information Systems is the article by Markus Academy of Management Review, 24 4 , What constitutes a theoretical contribution?. References: Glaser, B. Based on detailed data, the Smith Corona case provides insights into the resource alteration processes and how dynamic capabilities operate.
Several data sources were used, especially quantitative and qualitative data from semi-structured interviews, archival data, observations, e-mails, phone calls, and follow-up interviews.
based on 80 review